What is a Back Sprain?

A back sprain is a common injury where a back muscle or ligament has been pulled or overstretched causing moderate damage and pain. The location of the sprain depends on the type of action that has taken place. The most common back pains are chronic and can be untreated for a lengthy period of time.  Better Braces provides a variety of back supports that promote healing and proper posture.  

Causes for a Back Sprain

A back sprain is the most common cause of back pain. It is usually a result of sporting activities or movements that have created enough stress on the back muscle to overstretch it. If you are feeling pain in your back muscles, there are three main causes:

I: muscle sprains can be caused by:

  • Overuse/repetitive trauma. Weeding the garden;
  • Muscle weakening over time. Lack of exercising or change in lifestyles;
  • Incorrect form when performing certain activities/motions. This can be from lifting heavy objects or going to the gym;
  • Uneven weight distribution throughout muscles. Incorrect posture while sitting.

II: ligament sprain:

Ligament sprains are not as common as a muscle sprain, although can also have more serious repercussions.

A torn back ligament can cause internal bleeding which can cause spasms and pain in the surrounding muscles and joints. Similarly to a muscle sprain, ligament sprains are commonly caused by:

  • Sporting injuries
  • Lifting heavy weights with poor form
  • Sudden and violet jolts

III: Poor Posture

Another common reason for back muscle pain is from poor back posture. Slouching your back can cause excess stress on the spine, causing pain in the muscle. This will be felt especially in the lower back.

Symptoms of a Back Sprain

It is important to note the differences between back pains, if you ever feel as though symptoms are not consistent with those of a back sprain it is important to see a medical practitioner or a physiotherapist. However to provide some insight here are common symptoms of a back sprain:

  • Moderate to sharp pain whenever the muscle contracts or is touched
  • Stiffness in the back or affected area
  • Pain is localised in a single area or muscle
  • Sore, redness and tenderness
  • Muscle spasms can also occur depending on the severity

Symptoms that may indicate further developed injuries such as ruptured disc, sciatica or a pinched nerve.

  • Feeling of pins and needles in the lower buttocks or leg
  • Numbness
  • Discomfort while walking
  • Sudden sharp pains shooting through the spine with certain movements
  • Loss of control over bladder or bowels

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