Ankle pain is largely associated with injury, more commonly sprained ankles, yet there are other common types of ankle pain that are attributed to medical conditions. If you are seeking more information on sprained ankles click here.
Ankle Pain associated with INJURY:
As stated above, the most common causes of ankle pain and injuries are sprained ankles.
- Sprained ankles
- Happen as a result of a twist or rolling motion of the ankle causing the ligaments in the ankle to overstretch and become inflamed.
- Another common sporting injury that causes ankle pain is:
- Achilles tendinitis (read here for more info on Achilles tendinitis)
- Tendinitis is common in sporting athletes due to constant wear and tear of the tendon. Achilles tendinitis becomes common in sporting fields that require prolonged and explosive foot movement with heavy impact on hard surfaces in many indoor sports like basketball.
- These types of injuries can lead to increased susceptibility for future ankle injuries and medical conditions depending on the severity of the initial injury.
Ankle Pain associated with MEDICAL CONDITIONS:
The most common medical conditions contributing to ankle pain are:
- Osteoarthritis (OA)
- This type of arthritis causes pain as it degrades the cartilage that forms the joints in the ankle, resulting in bone rubbing against bone.
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
- A condition that causes chronic inflammation of the joints – the foot and ankle are heavily affected.
- Gout is a certain type of arthritis that can happen as a result of having excessively high amounts of uric acid (uric acid comes from food and is usually expelled through your kidneys, but high levels of uric acid can cause solid crystals to form inside joints).
It is common for these types of medical conditions to cause a significant amount of discomfort for longer periods of time, the ankle pain that is acquired from these types of conditions require professional diagnosis as the treatment will be different to treatments associated with ankle injury.
Types of treatments
Before administering any type of treatment for ankle pain, it’s important to consider what kind of injury or condition may be causing you ankle pain – the best way is to seek proper medical advice from your local doctor or specialist. It is especially important to note this as the treatments between injury and medical conditions may be vastly different.
Ankle pain relating to sporting injury can be managed by:
- Exercising and stretching regularly
- A key benefit of exercise is maintaining or losing weight, less weight means less stress on your ankles.
- Exercising and stretching in general will help with mobility and range of motion of your joints, relieving them of stiffness and stress.
- Applying ice 2 – 3 times a day, 5 – 10 minutes at a time.
- Allowing adequate time for the muscle, ligaments or affected area to properly recover
- Also elevating the injured area above your heart rate helps reduce swelling
- Compression helps reduce swelling and inflammation by encouraging blood flow
Treatment for ankle pain caused by medical conditions can include:
- Some are available over the counter and do not require prescriptions
- Prescribed purely for pain relief, as it does not act as an anti-inflammatory
- Gout treatments (see your doctor)
Note: We cannot give you professional medical advice on what medications you can take to treat conditions such as osteoarthritis for example. But we do stock a number of products that provide support, stability and compression for specific exercising activities that can help reduce ankle pain caused by medical conditions. Consult our Brace Advisor here to see how we can help you.